William Gowland
Diploma 6
We’re moving into uncharted territory, a period of unknown and of global change, brought about by human activities. On historical maps, unknown lands were left undrawn as if the earth had not yet been made. On the Northern Slopes of Alaska, a future landscape at the forefront of global change from rising tides and melting permafrost is virtually erased and manipulated so that substance and certainty together dissolve there, creating a gps cartography that reflects that of the physical. 

The project imagines a new journey through this GPS territory, a journey filled with shifting landscapes, misdirections and getting lost.  The intervention takes the form of a series of virtual geographies created by an infrastructure of politically backed jammed and spoofed landscapes. From the newly opened shipping lanes of the arctic, to the current and future oil fields of the Tundra, the governance and control of this territory is just as contested, controlled, manipulated and fought over as the physical.OPERATOR // Greenpeace 
DESTINATION // Chukchi Sea Oil fields
PRIMARY TARGET // Shell - Burger Rig
INTERVENTION // Navigational DisruptionOPERATOR // Unknown
INTERVENTION // Conceal Oil Field

Illegal oil prospectors have been finding and hiding oil fields for when the price tips $1000 a barrel. The eskimo discovered this one though... they’ve learnt to read this digital landscape like the weather.OPERATOR // SHELL / BP
INTERVENTION // Conceal Oil Fields
LOCATION // North Slope

Spoofs operated by drilling companies in order to hide and protect their oil fields from terrorist threats.The GPS landscape exists as a low res cartographic mesh, who’s generative form reflects the certainty of the data it receives. In this way the digital landscape is able to be read in the same way as the physical, giving a physical reading to a virtual landscape.

Created using processing, the model reads specific parts of the NMEA data protocol and translates it into a virtually responsive / dynamic landscape, in doing so bridging the gap between the digital and the physical.
What you are seeing is a landscape fed off live data through a gps  receiver that is generating a topography that reflects the stability and reliability of the data it receives. Giving rise to the idea that one can learn to read this data like the weather.

The number of satellites connected feeds the stability - The rate at which the landscapes appears to flicker. The more satellites that are connected the less it flickers appearing calm. With fewer satellites connected the landscape oscillates more.

The HDOP is an accuracy reading and is feeding the jaggedness of the landscape.Which is defined by the satellites azimuth angle. If the satellite is low to the horizon, atmospheric interference is high leading to less reliable data. 
The lower the HDOP the more accurate the data and the landscape appears flat.
The higher the HDOP and the less accurate the data, the landscape appears jagged and mountainous.

The latitude and longitude effects the cameras global position by moving about the landscape. With the gps receiver sat in one location the camera will not move.  Although it is still possible to pan from this fixed position as demonstrated. 

The fix age is causing the volume of the beep you are hearing to change, getting louder and quieter depending on the length of time it takes for the signal to be sent from the satellite to the receiver.

The background soundscape is the sound of Kosmo 736 a Russian Reconnaissance satellite from the 70’s slowed down to 700%

The satellites onboard clock affects global illuminations so that the landscape follows night and day cycles.

The landscape can therefore be controlled by a device such as a GPS jammer. Allowing individuals to control this landscape at their leisure.